Security policies

Security policies and the phenomenon of maras in El Salvador

So far this century, although various governments have offered to implement integrated public security policies against maras or gangs, i.e. a systematic combination of prevention, institutional strengthening, social reinsertion and repression, in practice, at different times, one of these approaches has prevailed: exacerbated punishment (mano dura plans), selective punishment (prosecution, investigation and police intelligence) and informal agreements between gangs, known as truces, to reduce homicides, which, while not the only indicator of violence, are a fundamental one.

Políticas de segurança, Security policies, Sin categoría

As políticas de segurança e o fenômeno das Maras em El Salvador

Até o presente século, embora vários governos tenham se oferecido para implementar políticas de segurança abrangentes contra maras ou gangues, ou seja, uma combinação sistemática de prevenção, fortalecimento institucional, reinserção social e repressão, na prática, em diferentes momentos, uma dessas abordagens prevaleceu: punição exacerbada (planos mano dura), punição seletiva (ação penal, investigação e inteligência policial) e acordos informais entre gangues, conhecidos como truces, para reduzir os homicídios que, embora não sejam o único indicador de violência, são fundamentais.


Reflections on the development of the police apparatus. A view from the left.

By Vicens Valentín. Depending on the legal framework, the police apparatus will respond to a specific police model, communitarian for the Anglo-Saxons and governmental for the continental ones. Based on this legal framework and the derived state form - from a formal point of view - we can speak of the different versions and formulas of the state, administration and police force.

Security policies

Considerations on the policial model

By: Amadeu Recasens i Brunet It is necessary to include the police model in a security model and in the corresponding public security policies. In them, the police are no longer the sole actor, not even the main actor. They constitute one more, important actor, but one more, in concurrence / cooperation with other actors and with the panoply of resources available in the distribution established at any given moment.

Criminal Economies, Security policies

Why is important to use the national accounts system to measure the income of criminal economies?

The money being made by criminal economies are those that allow them to continue operating, corrupting institutions, taking advantage of vulnerabilities and affecting the security of the State. Because this money not only flows in the criminal economy, but mixes with the legal and informal economy through money laundering manoeuvres and reinvestment in illegal activities, influencing the incomes and expenditures emerging data from the circular flow chart of the real economy.